Types of garage door springs

August 8, 2023

Garage door springs are essential components of a garage door system, responsible for counterbalancing the weight of the door, making it easier to open and close. There are two main types of garage door springs:

Torsion Springs: Torsion springs are mounted horizontally above the garage door opening. They are designed to store mechanical energy when twisted and release it when the door is in motion. Torsion springs come in various sizes and configurations, depending on the weight and size of the garage door they are supporting. They are known for their durability and smooth operation. When these springs break, they can be dangerous due to the stored tension.

Extension Springs: Extension springs are located on either side of the garage door tracks, parallel to the horizontal tracks. They stretch and expand to support the weight of the door and contract when the door is closed. Extension springs are more common in older garage door systems and are usually less expensive than torsion springs. However, they are considered less durable and have a limited lifespan compared to torsion springs. They can also be dangerous if they break, as they may whip around violently.

In addition to torsion springs and extension springs, there are a few more specialized types of garage door springs that are designed for specific applications or garage door configurations. These include:

Continuous-Loop Extension Springs: These springs are an alternative to the traditional extension springs and are often used in industrial or commercial garage doors. They consist of a single continuous cable loop that runs through the extension spring and around a pulley at the top of the door track. They provide a smoother and more controlled operation compared to standard extension springs.

Torquemaster Springs: Torquemaster springs are a proprietary type of spring system developed by Wayne Dalton. Instead of traditional torsion springs, Torquemaster springs are housed within a steel tube that runs along the inside of the garage door. This design provides an added safety feature, as the spring remains enclosed, reducing the risk of injury if the spring should break.

Steel Rolling Door Springs: Steel rolling doors are commonly used in commercial and industrial settings. They use specialized springs that are designed to handle the heavier weight and larger size of these doors. These springs are typically more robust and offer a longer lifespan to withstand the frequent use and heavy-duty demands of commercial applications.

One-Piece Curtain Door Springs: One-piece curtain garage doors, also known as tilt-up doors, use specific springs designed to support the weight of the entire door panel. These springs are often mounted at the sides of the door and provide the necessary counterbalance for the door’s smooth operation.

It’s important to note that garage door springs are under high tension, and attempting to repair or replace them can be dangerous. Direct Service Overhead’s team of professionals have the knowledge and proper tools to handle them safely. Regular maintenance of your garage door is key. Call us for help!

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